All of us we know in karate, stance are very important for any movement or to take different actions. It’s called DACHI in Japanise. Zenkutsu-dachi stance is important because it is maintain your body balance to learn different gripping position by feet to the ground.
If you like to do practice karate, you need to practice all stance perfectly and genuinely. There was no short cut to do a perfect KATA or a perfect movement like tai sabaki. Tai sabaki is for advanced practitioners but before that, you have to do a perfect stance.
The stance is 3 types, like High Stance, Middle High Stance, and Low Stance. Today we are discussing and learn about Kiba-dachi, Zenkutsu-dachi, Shiko-dachi and Kōkutsu-dachi.
Zenkutsu-dachi stands for font leg folding stance. This is a very stable stance with 70%-30% weight balance. Zenkutsu-dachi or forward stance was one of the stances that formulated by Gichin Funakoshi and this stance related with Shotokan karate, because of longer length stance so it’s devalops the thigh muscles, which are the key to speedy movement in half forward stance.
This stance provides strong resistance against attacks from the front, and it’s low height minimizes the amount of frontal body area available for opponent to strike.
Stances are most important for body balance and stability
The back foot should be facing forward. If you let your foot turn back or even 90 ° as you often see, you will not be able to engage your hip forward to maintain pressure on the front leg. Indeed, neither the knee nor the ankle have the function of rotation, so you can not have the hip forward and the foot back without risking to create too strong torsion’s in the knee. So that the hip looks in front, it is necessary that the toes look in front.
Your two feet are facing forward and are almost parallel. In fact it is the external stop of the front foot that is parallel to the inner stop of the back foot, so that the feet seem slightly open.
The upper body should stay upright. Right attention does not mean tense. As usual the shoulders are relaxed and low, we just keep a force under the armpits to lower the shoulders.
The pelvis is flat, and the vertebrae are simply stacked one above the other, without being leaning forward or backward or to one side. We keep a pressure towards the ground by just maintaining a slight tension in the belly (hara) to keep your internal energy ready to explode at any request. A bit like a valve that would be kept closed until the desired moment to release all the power of steam.
- Don’t bent the back knee.
- Make sure the front knee push the ground at 90 degree
- Don’t make the stance too wide
- Don’t set the stance too short, specially when turning.
- Ensure the hip facing straight and forward
- Don’t scrunch your toes for grip